Eye Conditions & Diseases: What You Need to Know About the Most Common Vision Issues

You and your family members can encounter any number of eye conditions and diseases through the course of a lifetime. Dry eye, pink eye, styes and floaters are among the most common that eye doctors treat.

A few other common disorders are more serious, including refractive errors, glaucoma and a detached retina.

It is unfortunate, but it is a fact: our eyes deteriorate naturally as we age. All the conditions we list here should prompt you to make an appointment with your eye doctor. Although solutions for them are sometimes routine, you will want to put a professional treatment plan in place.

woman getting fuchs' dystrophy eye exam

Fuchs’ Dystrophy

Fuchs’ dystrophy is an inherited and progressive condition that affects the cornea (dome-shaped outer layer of your eye) and which can cause impaired vision and discomfort in the eye.  Some people are diagnosed with the disorder in their 30s and 40s but it is most often found in people in their 50s and 60s. Exact […]

woman with sore eyes eye pain

Sore Eyes (Eye Pain): Causes, Treatment, and More

Sore eye, also known as ophthalmalgia, is a feeling of pain in the eye. It can be mild or severe, and sometimes it disappears without treatment. If pain is severe and continuous, it may be a symptom of an underlying condition. Eye pain can result from multiple causes, including dry eyes, glaucoma and acute trauma. […]

lazy eye amblyopia

Lazy Eye (Amblyopia): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Lazy eye is one way to describe amblyopia, a childhood vision condition in which one eye is underdeveloped. Sometimes both eyes are affected. Amblyopia can appear as a wandering eye, crossed eyes or eyes that do not seem to work together. It typically affects kids between the ages of 6 and 9. The earlier it […]

man with a migraine

What Does a Migraine Feel Like? Symptoms and What to Do

Symptoms of severe headaches called migraines often occur quickly and cause pulsating and steady pain in various parts of the head. People who suffer from migraine headaches experience recurring events. Triggers for these headaches differ, but experts advise people who experience them to track their diet, surrounding environment and other external factors in a search […]

retinal dystrophy

Retinal Dystrophies: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Retinal dystrophies are hereditary illnesses that strike the retina and choroid, causing progressive and severe vision loss. None of them have cures. Among the conditions they cause include retinal tears, retinal detachments, macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. Symptoms include night blindness, altered color perception and photophobia.  What Is Retinal Dystrophy? The retina is one of […]

central heterochromia

Central Heterochromia: Types and Causes

Central heterochromia describes an uncommon condition in which the inner and outer rings of the iris are different colors. Most people who have central heterochromia get it from a family history, but there are sporadic cases of non-genetic causation. The condition is linked to a small variety of illnesses but is usually not serious. What […]

woman with puffy eyes

How to Get Rid of Puffy Eyes from Crying, Sleeping and More

Puffy eyes, or baggy eyes, can come from an excess of crying and or a lack of sleep. The condition is easily treated with cold compresses, cucumber applications, witch hazel rubs and topical creams. Puffy eyes usually resolve within a day, but persistently puffy eyes can point to a more serious underlying condition such as […]

sunken eyes

Sunken Eyes: Causes and Treatment

“Sunken eyes” is another way of saying you have bags under your eyes. Officially known as enophthalmos, sunken eyes make your eyes appear to have sunk into your face, making your face appear somewhat hollow. Causes include a family history, dehydration and a lack of sleep. What Are Sunken Eyes? Sunken eyes is the colloquial […]

woman with thyroid eye disease

Thyroid Eye Disease: Symptoms, Treatment and More

Thyroid eye disease (TED) is a rare autoimmune condition. The immune system attacks cells in the muscles and fatty tissues around the eyes. TED is linked to existing thyroid problems but is considered a separate disease and not a direct complication of any thyroid condition. Although it often abates after a few months, the condition […]

diplopia double vision

Double Vision (Diplopia): Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Double vision refers to seeing two images of one object at the same time. Duplicate images can manifest vertical to each other, horizontal or diagonal. You can have double vision, or diplopia, in one or both eyes. The primary cause of diplopia is a malfunction of the extraocular muscles. Intro Double vision is a condition […]

man getting retinal exam

Retinoschisis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and More

Retinoschisis is an eye defect that occurs when your retina splits into different layers. It is one of the eye conditions that you can be born with or one that can develop because of aging. Retinoschisis can affect vision affected in various ways, from farsightedness to cysts on the eye to bleeding in the eye. […]

hemianopia vs normal vision

Hemianopia: Types, Causes, Treatment and More

Hemianopia is an eye condition that describes losing half of your field of vision because of damage to the optic nerve in the brain. Sight loss can occur in either eye or it can occur in both eyes at once. Among the causes are diagnosed cases of multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy and dementia. […]